What is the IELTS Exam Pattern?

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IELTS Exam Pattern and what is the IELTS exam?

Why it’s taken? Who takes this IELTS exam. How many bands need to pass the IELTS exam and many more questions. I am sure you also have the same questions in your mind regarding the IELTS exam and IELTS Exam Pattern. Let’s discuss all the above questions and explain it in details.


What is the IELTS Exam?


what-is-ielts

IELTS is one of the most popular English Language tests to apply for migration or work mainly in English speaking countries alongside with higher education.

IELTS mainly have a two-section IELTS Academic, IELTS general training both has 4 modules which are Listening, Reading, Writing, Speaking.

IELTS Academic:

IELTS Academic test is for those people who want their further studies in English speaking countries and it will help them to understand their academic syllabus and training. IELTS is wildly acceptable in most of the English speaking institutions.

IELTS General Training:

IELTS General Training test is for those people who want to apply for PR in mainly English speaking countries like Canada, UK, Australia. In the IELTS General Training mainly focus on basic survival skill and general communication at workplace and society ext.


In IELTS Exam total time are 2 hours and 45 minutes. IELTS Exam score is valid for 2 years then after you have to give IELTS exam again.

For IELTS Academic and IELTS general training Listening and Speaking modules are the same. Reading module and Writing module are different for both IELTS Academic and IELTS general training.

The main three module Listening, Reading and Writing are conducted on the same day, with no breaks in between them. And the Speaking test is scheduled separately. IELTS score counts on the scale of on 0-9.

For each section of the IELTS exam are divided into different parts. IELTS Listening is divided into 4 different parts. IELTS Speaking test is divided into 3 different parts. IELTS Writing is divided into 2 tasks. IELTS Reading is divided into 3 passages.


IELTS Exam Pattern


As we discuss above, IELTS Academic and IELTS General both have different exam pattern let’s discuss in detail.

IELTS Academic Exam Pattern

(1). IELTS LISTENING (30 minutes)

In the Listening section, you have to listen to the audio clip of 30 minutes and write their answers to a series of questions. during the listing test, write your answers on the question paper with the pencil.

After you finish your listening you have 10 minutes to write your answer into the answer sheet. Listen to the instructions carefully and then answer accordingly. (make sure don’t do any spalling mistake while writing your answer.

PART 1: Questions 1-10. (conversations between two English speakers)
PART 2: Questions 11-20. (monologue) a long speech by one actor in a play or movie, or as part of a theatrical or broadcast program.
PART 3: Questions 21-30. (deal with situations set in educational and training contexts).
PART 4: Questions 31- 40. (any academic subject).

The recordings are played only one time. in the recording include a range of accents, including British, Australian, New Zealand, American and Canadia.

Note:– LISTENING would be the same for both this exam. IELTS Academic and General Training.

(2). IELTS Academic Reading (60 minutes)

IELTS Academic Reading

The IELTS academic reading section consists of three long paragraphs.

The reading section of the IELTS academic is one has a long and you have 40 questions internal. as a diagram shows, this section has three passages of the texts you must read. Each passage has 950 words in a line. For each passage there about 12 to 14 questions. You have 20 minutes to read a passage and answer the corresponding questions so all of the section of the test tack your about hour 14 questions internal.

The passages are taken from books, academic journals, magazines and newspapers. articles you don’t need any special knowledge to answer the questions all of the information you need the answer the question is in the passages. Now they have a better idea of the structure of the reading section list tack a look of the specific task you will see on your test.

A specific type of questions:

The eleven different task types you can see on your test. Each task is design to test a different reading skill.

  • Fill in the blanks
  • Multiple choices
  • Completion
  • Matching
  • Questions Types
  • short answer task

Time Management of the reading section

You will have 60 minutes for the reading test with 40 questions cover of this section. Try to time on your self to spend 15minutes on the first reading, 15 on the second reading and 20 on the third reading. Try to give your self an extra 5 minutes for the last reading passage as this is usually the most difficult so if you total about time you can see 15 + 15 + 20 equals 50. This means we have an unused of 10minutes why do you have 10 minutes?. you have 10 minutes to write your answer from the questions sheet. be careful while transferring your answer to answer sheet don’t do hurry, you will mack spalling mistake.

(3). IELTS Academic Writing (60 minutes)

IELTS Writing section consists of two Different tasks for both Academic and General Training writing tests.

In IELTS Writing section you will have 1 hour to complete 2 tasks, each task has a different type like a report, essay, discussion etc.

Task 1 is small compared to task 2, you can give 20 min to task one and other 40 to task 2.

In Academic Writing, the test contains two tasks. First one is Task 1 and the second one is Task 2. Topics are basically of general interest and suitable for students enrolling in under-grade and post-grad programs.

Write a description in your own words. you must have to write at least 150 words in task 1. In writing task 2, you have to write an essay on a given topic in 250 words.

Writing Task 1: 

In this task, a candidate will be asked to describe, explain or summarize the information presented in graph/ table/ chart/ diagram. The total description should be more than 150 words long. You should spend 20 minutes on task 1 of the academic writing section. Candidates have 20 minutes to finish the task and write at least 150 words.

Academic writing task 1 general format :

Introduction + General Trends + Details Description + Conclusion/Summary (Optional).

Writing Task 2 (Essay):

In Task 2, a candidate requires to write an essay on a basic/general topic in response to a point of view, argument or problem. A candidate’s response to both the tasks should be in a formal style. The essay should be more than 250 words long. You will be given an essay question to answer in 40 minutes by writing at least 250 words long.

(4). IELTS Speaking (15 minutes):

The Speaking Module of IELTS is the final part of the exam. It does not need to be taken on the same day. It takes the form of a three-part oral interview. Candidates have a discussion with a certified Examiner. Speaking exam is the same for both Academic and General Training tests.

Part 1: the interview (4 to 5 minutes)

  • In part 1, the examiner will ask you general questions about yourself, your family, your work, your studies, your interests and your hobbies. you have to answer the questions.

Part 2: the short presentation (3 to 4 minutes)

  • In part 2, you have to speak about a topic. You will be given a Q card which asks you to speak about a particular topic and includes points that you can cover in your talk. You will be given 1 minute to prepare your talk before you speak. You will then speak for 1-2 minutes. then the examiner will ask one or two questions on the same topic.

Part 3: the discussion (4 to 5 minutes)

  • you have a longer discussion with a certified Examiner on the topic. The examiner will ask you further questions connected to the topic in Part 2.

Note:- Speaking would be the same for both this exam. IELTS Academic and General Training.

IELTS General Training Exam Pattern

(1). IELTS General Training Reading (60 minutes):

The IELTS general reading test consists of four to five shorter paragraphs and a total of 40 questions.

A specific type of questions:

Short answer questions
Fill in the blanks
Multiple choices
Complete a sentence
Matching headings to paragraphs
Matching opinions to names
Yes, no or not given
True, false or not given

(2). IELTS General Training Writing(60 minutes):

The General Training Writing test consists of two tasks (Task 1 & Task 2) which are basically based on general topics. IELTS General Writing section takes one hour to complete two tasks, of 150 and 250 words, as in the Academic module. Task 1 is a letter and Task 2 is an essay based on the given topic.

Writing Task 1 (Letter):

In General Training IELTS Writing Task 1, candidates are asked to respond to a given problem with a letter requesting information or explaining a situation. Candidates should spend 20 minutes on task 1 and write at least 150 words.

Writing task 2 (Essay):

In General Training IELTS Writing Task 2, A candidate will be asked to write an essay in response to an argument or problem and point of view. Candidates should spend 40 minutes on task 2 and write at least 250 words.